Ibn Al Baitar, whose full name is Dhia' al-Din Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Al Baitar Al Malagi, was born in Malaga in 1197 AD. He studied under expert botanists such as Abdullah Bin Salleh and Abu Abbas An-Nabati. In addition, he benefited from the wisdom of Greek teachers from Palermo, Sicily and Venice in furthering his knowledge.
Ibn Al Baitar was an expert in the field of botany and pharmacology, producing and encyclopadia which was one of the best in the two fields during the Middle Ages. The encyclopedia which was one of the best in the two fields during the Middle Ages. The encyclopedia discusses the preparation of medicines, listing 1,400 types of plantsaround Spain, North Africa and Syria that could be used for medicinal purposes. He also named 200 types of plants which had not been previously identified. His systematically arranged encyclopedia became the basis of modern botanical and pharmacological study.